5 Vitamins For Healthy Gum And Teeth

5 Vitamins For Healthy Gum And Teeth

Oral health care is not limited to brushing and flossing the teeth. Your diet too plays an important role in maintaining healthy gum and teeth. Deficiency of certain vitamins weakens the gum and teeth that leads to gum bleeding and tooth decay. When nutritional deficiency is associated with dental problem, it can be easily reversed by eating the right type of foods and supplements. Vitamins that are crucial for healthy gum and teeth should be part of your daily diet. This helps in diminishing risk of oral health problems.

For Maintaining Healthy Gum And Teeth, Add Foods Rich In The Following Vitamins To Your Diet:

1. Vitamin C:

Vitamin C deficiency is a common cause of gum swelling, bleeding and pain [1]. Prolonged vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy, which causes painful dental changes. If left untreated it may even lead to tooth loss. According to studies, the vitamin C level in the blood plasma of people suffering from periodontal disease is usually below normal. Vitamin C plays an important role in strengthening the immune system and supporting the healing process. Hence, it helps in fighting gum infections and repairing the damaged gum tissues. The antioxidant property of vitamin C also seems to help in keeping the gum and teeth healthy. Citrus fruits, berries, broccoli and kale are good sources of vitamin C.

Vitamin C

2. Vitamin D:

Low vitamin D level increases risk of gingivitis [2]. The gum tissues weaken following infection, swelling and bleeding of the gum. If left untreated, it may loosen your teeth. Vitamin D is known to regulate the immune system, thereby reducing the risk of gum infections. By fighting inflammation, it helps in relieving gingivitis. Furthermore, the body needs vitamin D to improve calcium supply to the bones and teeth. Therefore, to build strong teeth you need vitamin D. There are a small number of dietary sources of vitamin D such as cold water fish, mushrooms, eggs and fortified milk and juices.

Vitamin D

3. Vitamin A:

Vitamin A too plays a role in keeping the gum and tooth healthy [3]. It helps in maintaining the mucous membrane. The saliva secreted by the mucous membrane helps in washing away debris from the teeth and inhibits growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth. Vitamin A is also known to help in maintaining strong teeth. Deficiency of this important nutrient weakens the enamel and increases risk of tooth damage. Eating foods rich in vitamin A such as fish oil, liver, milk, egg and orange and yellow colored vegetables helps in strengthening the gum and teeth.

Vitamin A

4. Vitamin K:

Bleeding of the gum while brushing can be a sign of vitamin K deficiency [4]. Vitamin K helps blood to clot. Low vitamin K level increases risk of gum bleeding. Studies suggest that vitamin K seems to help in reducing tooth decay. Green leafy vegetables are the richest sources of vitamin K. It is also found in broccoli, cabbage, spring onions, Brussels sprouts, fermented dairy products and prunes.

Vitamin K

5. Vitamin E:

The beneficial role of vitamin E on the gum health is probably due to its antioxidant property [5]. It is known to help in reducing soreness of the gum and assists in healing the sore gum. To soothe the sore gum, you can apply vitamin E oil directly to the affected area. Massaging the gum with vitamin E seems to help in reducing the risk of gum diseases. To enjoy the health benefits of vitamin E, add foods rich in vitamin E such as nuts, seeds, plant oils and leafy green vegetables to your diet.

Vitamin E