Certain vitamins are known to help in blood sugar management in diabetics. According to studies, people with diabetes usually suffer from deficiency of vitamins associated with regulation of the blood sugar level. Moreover, deficiencies of these vitamins tend to worsen health complications in diabetics. Therefore, if you are suffering from diabetes or have a high risk of the ailment, make sure that you are consuming sufficient amount of foods rich in vitamins that assist in maintaining the blood sugar in the normal range. In case of vitamin deficiencies, vitamin supplements are recommended to help improve blood sugar management.
The Following Vitamins Are Beneficial For Diabetics
Biotin or vitamin B7 plays a role in improving insulin sensitivity. It helps in activating glucokinase, an enzyme that helps in regulating the glucose level. The concentration of glucokinase tends to be low in diabetics, which impairs blood sugar regulation. According to studies, biotin is especially effective in lowering the fasting blood sugar level.
2. Vitamin B6
Low level of vitamin B6 is associated with reduction in circulation of insulin and decline in insulin sensitivity. Diabetics with vitamin B6 deficiency have a higher risk of kidney, eye, nervous and vascular problems. It also tends to worsen protein synthesis.
3. Vitamin C
Vitamin C deficiency is common in people with diabetics. As insulin assists in transportation of vitamin C to the body cells, low insulin level in diabetics is considered to be one of the causes of vitamin C deficiency. According to research, increasing vitamin C intake helps in improving blood sugar regulation in non-insulin dependent diabetics. Vitamin C plays an important role in inhibiting oxidative stress in diabetics. It also assists in dilation of blood vessels, which is usually impaired in diabetics. Furthermore, by inhibiting glycosylation, vitamin C helps in lowering the risk of long-term complications of diabetes.
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is known to help in slowing down progression of pre-diabetes to diabetes. In diabetics, it helps in reducing risk of kidney and heart diseases. Vitamin D seems to play a role in improving sensitivity to insulin. Studies suggest that by lowering the parathyroid hormone level, vitamin D helps in improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Furthermore, vitamin D helps in improving insulin sensitivity by stimulating the expression of insulin receptors and reducing low grade inflammation.
5. Vitamin E
As a powerful antioxidant, vitamin E helps in reducing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress worsens blood sugar control and leads to complications of diabetes. Vitamin E helps in inhibiting oxidation of lipids including LDL cholesterol, which is a leading cause of coronary artery disease in diabetics. It also seems to help in lowering the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
Niacin is known to help in slowing down progression of diabetes. It helps in improving the pancreatic function, thereby helping in increasing insulin production. Niacin works as an antioxidant that helps in protecting the pancreas from oxidative stress. In people with type 1 diabetes, niacin seems to help in suppressing activities of immune cells that damage the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. Furthermore, it helps in improving the sensitivity of the body cells to insulin.
7. Vitamin B12
Diabetics have a higher risk of suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency. Certain diabetes medications inhibit absorption of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 deficiency increases risk of pernicious anemia. People with type 1 diabetes are especially vulnerable to pernicious anemia. Furthermore, it increases risk of nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy. Diabetics may need vitamin B12 supplementation to reduce these complications.