Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are an infection caused by the HSV-1 virus. The infection is contagious and spreads through personal contact. A cold sore starts with an itching or tingling sensation around the lips that usually lasts for a day. It is followed by appearance of a fluid-filled blister outside the edge of the lips. A number of blisters usually merge and then burst. A crust forms on the open sore and the cold sores clear in a few weeks. Home remedies are often effective in reducing the pain and irritation associated with cold sores. They are also known to help in reducing the severity of the infection.
The Following Home Remedies Are Beneficial For People With Cold Sores.
To reduce the pain of the cold sores, apply ice to the blisters. Wrap the ice in a towel or plastic bag and apply it to the cold sore for about five minutes. Reapply the ice pack after ten minutes. Repeat for up to an hour.
2. Baking Soda
Mix baking soda with some water to make a thick paste. Cover the cold sores with the thick baking soda paste. Leave it on for several minutes and then rinse off with warm water. Apply the baking soda paste two to three times a day. Baking soda helps in soothing the painful sores and drying out the blisters.
3. Tea Bag
Wet a tea bag with a little water. For a few seconds, place the wet tea bag in a microwave oven until it becomes very warm. Apply the warm tea bag to the cold sores. When the tea bag cools down, reheat it and reapply it to the cold sore. The tannin released by the warm damp tea bag helps in soothing the painful cold sores and reducing the swelling.
4. Salt Water
Mix ¼-teaspoon of salt with a cup of water. Rinse the affected area with the salt water once every hour. Despite the stinging sensation, continue rinsing with salt water to get rid of the cold sore in a short time. Salt is an excellent natural antiseptic that helps in suppressing growth of the germs.
Garlic can help in clearing the cold sores. Furthermore, this natural antibiotic helps in eliminating risk of secondary bacterial infection in the affected area. Apply a small amount of petroleum jelly to the cold sore and on top of it place a thin garlic slice. Keep the garlic slice on the cold sore for about 20 to 30 minutes. Apply it several times a day. In addition to topical application, eat few cloves of fresh garlic for fast relief from cold sores.
Applying cold milk compress to the affected area helps in reducing the pain and clearing the cold sores in a short time. Dip a cotton ball in cold milk and dab it on the cold sores. For best result, apply the cold milk compress as soon as you start experiencing the initial symptoms of the cold sore breakout.
7. Apple Cider Vinegar
Applying apple cider vinegar to the cold sores helps in killing the viruses. Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar and dab it on the cold sores. Alternatively, with a Q-tip, apply apple cider vinegar directly to the cold sores.
8. Plum Juice
Plum juice seems to help in case of severe cold sore. It helps in reducing the pain and swelling. Soak a cotton ball in plum juice and place it over the cold sores for several minutes.