Several factors can be responsible for causing bumps on tongue. Usually bumps that develop on the tongue are benign conditions that heal naturally. Occasionally, the tongue bumps might indicate severe oral diseases such as cancer.Sometimes bumps developing on the tongue might be the symptoms of an underlying illness. The treatment of the bump will depend on the nature of the lesion and the factor responsible for its development.
Bumps on tongue – causes
Numerous small and slightly raised structures present on the surface of the tongue are known as papillae. These are also known as taste buds that give us the sensation of taste. There are four types of papillae. The mushroom shaped fungiform papillae are present on the sides and tip of the tongue. The thin and cone-like filiform papillae are not associated with taste. The foliate papillae and the circumvallate papillae are present on the back of the tongue. If for some reason one or several papillae swell, they will appear as bumps on the tongue. Enlarged papillae is also known as lie bump.
Bumps can appear from biting the tongue. You can develop bumps on the tongue if you have the habit of grinding your teeth. If you burn your tongue by eating a hot food or by drinking a hot beverage, bumps will develop on the tongue. Bumps developing from trauma usually heal naturally. Canker sores and burning tongue syndrome, which sometimes develop in postmenopausal women can be responsible for tongue bumps. Bumps on tongue could be the symptoms of anemia or diabetes.
Smoking or chewing tobacco tends to irritate the tongue, producing bumps. If the bump on your tongue remains for more than two weeks, it could be the symptom of oral cancer. Oral cancers often do not cause pain at the early stage. It is advisable to consult your physician if you notice a lump that refuses to heal.
To treat tongue bumps, add few drops of clove oil in a cup of water and rinse your mouth five to six times a day with this mouthwash. Clove juice blended with honey could help to cure bumps. Sometimes folk healers associate hyperacidity with tongue bumps. By drinking plenty of milk, the bumps could be treated.