Trigeminal neuralgia is otherwise called tic douloureux which is a painful condition that affects the trigeminal nerve. Trigeminal nerve is one of the largest nerves found in head. This disease leads to chronic and sudden pain on the face but mostly on one part of the face. This pain may last for few second to minutes. If mostly affect women around 50 years of age and rarely affects those who are below 30 years. This disorder may impair the daily activities, sleep, eating etc. of the affected person and at times takes the affected person to depression and anxiety.
A human being has three branches of trigeminal nerve and they are maxillary, mandibular and ophthalmic nerves. Trigeminal neuralgia pain is seen mainly on mandibular and maxillary branches. Among them the maxillary branch is mainly affected and the patient may experience pain on nose, cheek bone, upper teeth and upper lip. Pain in mandibular branch results pain in jaw, lower lip and lower cheek.
Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is caused by the damage of the nerve that passes to the tissues and muscles of the face. The damages may compress the nerve and makes it to shed the protective coating and cause the pain. Sometimes the abnormal blood vessels compress the nerve at the point where it leaves the brain. Any biochemical changes in the nerve tissues may also cause the disorder. Any deterioration of the nerve transmits abnormal impulses to the brain and thus causes the pain.
Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia
The patient may experience sudden electric shock like pain on one part of the face especially on the jaw and cheek. This attack may remain for few second to minutes and may also repeat several times a day. Sometimes the pain is triggered by contact or vibrations on the face like while shaving, brushing, drinking, eating etc. The depression and anxiety is common in such patients at times it may also lead to suicide attempt.
When ever you feel such symptoms then consult your doctor for early treatment.