Poor metabolism reduces the body’s ability to burn calories, resulting in fat buildup and weight gain. Thyroxine, the hormone secreted by the thyroid gland, regulates the metabolism of the body. If secretion of the thyroid hormone falls owing to thyroid disorder, the metabolism rate of the body will slow down. The condition known as hypothyroidism is largely responsible for excess weight gain. Hypothyroidism diet tries to prevent weight gain by meeting your appropriate calorie requirement.
If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, a low calorie diet is not always effective in bringing down your weight. Besides malfunction of the thyroid gland, the metabolic rate of the body might drop due to low calorie intake.
In order to cope with sudden drop in calorie intake, your body will start hoarding glucose and fats by burning lesser calories. Instead of losing weight, a low calorie diet will promote weight gain by further bringing down the metabolic rate. For effective weight loss through diet, you should calculate your exact calorie requirement that will satisfy your appetite without the risk of weight gain.
If you are overweight and suffering from hypothyroidism, you should reduce your calorie intake by about 5 calories per kilogram of your body weight. Multiplying your body weight in kilograms by 25 and subtracting 200 from the result will help to determine your daily calorie requirement.
People suffering from hypothyroidism should get 35 percent of their daily calorie intake from complex carbohydrates, proteins should provide 40 percent of the regular calorie requirement and rest of the calorie should be provided by healthy fats.
Iodine deficiency is often associated with hypothyroidism. Diet for hypothyroidism patients should comprise of fair amount of iodine rich foods.
Seafood is the richest source of iodine. Eggs and dairy products contain moderate amounts of iodine. Fish, lentils, meat and low fat milk and dairy products contain thyrosine, a hormone that stimulates production of thyroid hormone.
Selenium is a trace mineral needed for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. You will find selenium in brown rice, whole grain, nuts and fish. Taking 1 to 2 teaspoons of coconut oil could help to improve the function of the thyroid gland. Also, remember to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water everyday.