Leptin is a hormone secreted by the fat cells. This hormone is believed to act as a ‘lipostat’. The leptin level in the blood rises after eating enough food. The greater the amount of fat stored in the body, the higher will be the leptin level.
Leptin sends a signal to the brain to accelerate the metabolism rate and to burn the excess calories stored as fat. It triggers synthesis of AMSH, which is an active form of a peptide, in the hypothalamus of the brain.
This active peptide further triggers production of another peptide in another part of the hypothalamus. This peptide stimulates the pituitary gland to produce a hormone, which activates the thyroid gland and increases metabolism.
Wrong eating habit could lead to leptin resistance. Leptin resistance is one of the major causes of obesity. The leptin diet tries to prevent weight gain by increasing the body’s sensitivity to leptin.
Leptin diet has five basic rules.
Three meals a day
To lose weight, you should eat three meals a day. Avoid snacking in between meals. There should be a 5 to 6 hours gap between two meals.
Avoid eating large meals.
Supporters of the Leptin diet fear that people accustomed to large meals have a greater risk of developing leptin resistance. Leptin resistance will lower your body’s sensitivity to this metabolism-enhancing hormone.
Despite rise in the leptin level due to overeating, the brain will not send a signal to stop eating and your metabolism rate will not rise. To restore the normal metabolism rate of the body, stop eating before you are full. According to the Japanese diet principle, you should keep 2/10th of your stomach empty.
Eat protein rich breakfast
A high protein breakfast helps to restore the normal blood glucose level throughout the day. A high carbohydrate and low protein breakfast could bring down your blood glucose level in the afternoon. Risk of fluctuations in the blood sugar level is greater among people suffering from leptin resistance.
Avoid snacking after dinner
You should not eat after dinner. Moreover, have your dinner at least 3 hours before bedtime. The 10 to 12 hours gap between your dinner and the breakfast in the following morning enhances fat burning.
Low carbohydrate diet
Leptin diet is a low carbohydrate diet. By reducing the carbohydrate content in the diet, leptin diet enables the body to increase fat usage for producing energy.