Arthritis, characterized by inflammation and pain of the body joints, could develop from several factors. Lupus is a type of autoimmune disease that could cause arthritis. Overwhelming majority of lupus patients are women between 14 and 45 years of age. The symptoms of lupus vary from person to person.The symptom of the disease depends on the specific part of the body affected by the disease. Arthritis is a common symptom of lupus. The symptoms of arthritis in lupus patients would last for a few days up to several weeks. Often arthritis becomes a persistent problem in people with lupus.
Causes of lupus arthritis
The exact cause of lupus is unknown. Genetics might play a role in developing this disease. Given that lupus primarily affects women in the childbearing age, it is believed that high levels of female hormones could perhaps trigger this condition. Viral infections could sometimes cause lupus. Lupus could develop as side effect of certain prescription medications.
It has been seen that people of certain races are more susceptible to lupus. People of European origin are less likely to develop this condition. Lupus is more widespread among people of African and Asian origin. The antibodies produced by the immune system of people with lupus mistakenly attack specific parts of the body. When the immune cells attack the joints, arthritis develops.
Symptoms of lupus arthritis
In lupus arthritis, the joints become stiff and swollen. Sometimes lupus arthritis patients might experience joint pain even in the absence of joint inflammation. The stiffness and pain usually increases in the morning, especially after waking up from sleep. However, lupus arthritis does not cause any permanent damage to the joint bones.
Lupus arthritis treatment
Lupus arthritis is treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Anti-malarial medications are often prescribed to heal arthritis in lupus patients. To reduce joint stiffness and pain, low impact exercises are beneficial for lupus patients.
Swimming, brisk walking and biking could help to strengthen the muscles. To minimize the risk of developing osteoporosis in future, a diet high in calcium and vitamin D is recommended for people suffering from lupus arthritis. To prevent arthritis discomfort, you should treat signs of lupus flare-ups such as fever or infections as soon as they occur.