Melasma is a skin disorder that creates dark colored patches on the skin. It is more commonly seen on cheeks, chin, forehead, upper lips etc. It may also appear on other areas that are exposed to sun. Melasma may affect people of any age and sex but it is more common in young women.
This is because melasma and female hormones like estrogen and progesterone has direct relationship. Hence it is more common in those young women who are taking oral contraceptive pills or pregnant. Exposure to sun for a long period makes the condition worse. Certain medications like medications for anti seizure may also results in melasma.
Symptoms of Melasma
Most of the time melasma is seen symmetrical on both sides of the face. The hyper pigmentation that is happening may be brown or tan colored. In patients having dermal melasma there may be black or blue markings. People having dark skin are more prone to develop melasma. Similarly those who have a family history of melasma may also at the risk of developing melasma.
Treatment for Melasma
Chop an onion finely and blend and squeeze it to get fresh juice. Combine equal quantities of onion juice and apple cider vinegar. Apply this mixture on the affected areas with the help of a cotton ball and do this daily twice. You can even dip a slice of onion in apple cider vinegar and rub it on the affected area. This may help you to lighten the pigmentation. For getting better results you can also add lime juice to this mixture.
St. John’s Wort
In order to get rid of melasma symptoms you can also rely up on St. John’s Wart. For this you need to make an infusion. Take a dry jar and fill it with freshly chopped and cleaned St. John’s Wart and olive oil. Avoid the air pockets in the jar and close it tightly. Keep this jar for six weeks at room temperature and then strain the liquid from the jar. Squeeze the herb to remove the maximum oil from it and keep the oil until the water and dirt and oil gets separated. Then carefully spill the floating oil from the water surface and apply it on the affected area.
Always use a good quality sunscreen while going out and this may help you to avoid worsening the situation.