Pregnancy is an important milestone in the life of women and one needs to be really careful of the diet as the quality of the nutrition directly impacts the growing child. The pregnant women have increased nutritional needs which need to be understood and managed nicely. Following is the description of various nutritive values which the women require in the enhanced quantity.Calories – Calorie requirement of a pregnant women increases by almost 10 percent in first four months and in the later stages of embryo development, calorie requirement increases to almost 20 percent. These calorie requirements are to be met in order to keep the fetus healthy.
Protein – Protein requirement is two gram per day for the women in initial months of pregnancy which later increases to 120 grams in the last three months. Protein is the building block for the growing child and is necessary for bone formation. Protein rich diet should be consumed to meet the requirement. Products like milk, cheese, fish, and egg should be consumed in abundance. Lack of protein can create many complications for the fetus like anemia, edemas, premature birth or malformation. Vegetable proteins should be avoided as they are difficult to digest.
Lipids – Lipids should be consumed in less quantity as it put pressure on the liver and increases the acidity. Only 90 grams of lipids should be consumed in a day. Lipid is obtained from vegetable and meat products.
Glucose – Almost 400 grams of glucose is required in the body of pregnant women on daily basis. The glucose required should be obtained from consuming vegetable, whole grains and fruits in enhanced quantity rather than concentrating on the sweet food like pastries and cakes. These are fatty foods and increases body fat which in turn impacts the blood pressure.
Minerals – Minerals like calcium, iron and phosphorus are required in particular. They are required in increased quantity and hence the food containing them should be consumed like liver, fish, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes etc. Sodium is required in the minimal quantity and its consumption should be stopped as it causes edemas which complicate the birth of the child.