Teardrop shaped growths that occur in the nose are known as nasal polyps. The growths, known as polyps, are inflamed lining of the paranasal sinuses. Paranasal sinuses are air cavities present in the skull that open in the nasal passage. Since there are several paranasal sinuses, several of them might be inflamed at the same time. Since small nasal polyps do not cause any significant problem, they are usually ignored by physicians However, by blocking the nasal passages and sinuses, the large sized polyps could cause difficulties in breathing, and they need medical attention.
Nasal polyps causes
The exact causes of nasal polyps are unknown. It is believed that allergy and sinus infections are responsible for this condition. Chronic inflammation of the mucus membrane of the sinuses and nasal passages cause this condition. Although, nasal polyps might develop anywhere in the nasal passage, but the mucus membrane present at the opening of the sinus are primarily susceptible to inflammation.
It has been seen that people suffering from asthma have a high risk of developing nasal polyps. Sensitivity to aspirin or non steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can increase the risk of nasal polyps. Allergic fungal sinusitis can also cause this condition. People born with cystic fibrosis are vulnerable to nasal polyps. Churg-Strauss syndrome, a rare illness, characterized by swollen blood vessels, could lead to nasal polyps.
Nasal polyps symptoms
Persistent runny or stuffy nose, loss of sense of smell, loss of sense of taste, headache, facial pain, itchiness around the eyes and snoring are some common symptoms of nasal polyps. As the nasal polyps grow in size, they cause breathing difficulties.
Nasal polyps treatment
Medications could help to shrink the nasal polyps. However, sometimes surgery would be required to eliminate the nasal growths. Nonetheless, despite successful treatment, reappearance of nasal polyps might occur. To prevent nasal polyps, you should stay away from allergens and irritants that tend to cause inflammation of the mucus membranes in the nose.
Maintaining proper hygiene helps to reduce the risk of sinus infections that could trigger formation of nasal polyps. To prevent inflammation of the mucus membrane, you should consume adequate amount of vitamins A, C and E rich foods. To reduce the size of the nasal polyps you can consume one teaspoon of castor oil daily.