The abnormal rhythms of the heart are known as Arrhythmias. In this medical condition, the heart tends to pump less blood. Most of these arrhythmias are temporary in nature and definitely not malignant. The arrhythmia takes places when the heart beats an extra beat or it has skipped a beat. However, there are some instances of arrhythmias which do require immediate medical attention.
There are two main categories of Arrhythmia – bradycardia, tachycardia and fibrillation. Bradycardia refers to a slow heart rate. The heart rate is usually less than 60 beats per minute. A very fast heart rate is known as tachycardia and this occurs when the heart rate is more than 100 beats per minute. If the heart rate is fast and uncoordinated then that medical condition is known as fibrillation. This is a very serious form. Remember, Arrhythmias are not to be ignored as they are responsible for at least 250,000 deaths every year.
The most common symptoms can be enumerated as chest pain, shortness of breath, loosing consciousness and feeling tired. Dizziness and shortness of breath are the symptoms of bradycardia while the symptoms of tachycardia are racing beats in chest, dizziness and feelings of extreme discomfort.
Coronary disease is the numero uno cause for arrhythmia. Scar tissues are formed by coronary heart diseases. These tissues actually disturb the rhythm of the heart. This medical condition can be congenital in nature. The other contributory factors are atherosclerosis, diabetes and blood pressure. High stress, caffeine, alcohol and OTC drugs are also responsible for affecting the heart beat pattern.
There are a few factors upon which the treatment of arrhythmia depends. These are the type of arrhythmia, the physical condition and age of the patient. There are many methods that you can follow in order to reduce the incidence of arrhythmia. The common methods are relaxation, limited intake of caffeine and alcohol and reduction in the consumption of OTC pills.
There are some arrhythmias which are self controlled by the body through the immune system but other types might require medical supervision. Always remember that arrhythmias in the lower chambers of the heart are more life threatening than the arrhythmias in the upper chambers of the heart.