Diabetics and kidney related issues are two extremely uncomfortable illnesses, which can lead to several problems in a person’s life. Thus, the patient should maintain a properly planned diet which emphasizes on both the ailments.
For example, one is advised not to consume sugar, alcohol, refines carbohydrates, etc. because of diab and sodium, protein, potassium, etc. because of kidney problems. A combined diet treatment is discussed in the following article:
Diet Treatment For Kidney And Diabetic Patients
Some General Specifications
Some general specifications are given for patients suffering from both these ailments. For example, you should count your calories while preparing a diet chart and consume fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, seeds, whole grains, etc. as fibers and vitamins are always required.
You should also maintain exact timing for every meal and consume smaller portions during each meal. You should properly chew the foods in order to put less strain on the kidneys and to maintain proper blood sugar level.
Consume Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are the most essential food groups for any diet plan. You should consume these foods (preferably in raw or steamed form) everyday in order to fulfill your daily fiber, vitamins and mineral requirements and to aid proper digestion.
Some important fruits and vegetables include cabbage, beetroot, celery, cucumber, eggplant, bell peppers, onions, radishes, turnips, green leafy vegetables, apples, berries, tomatoes, carrots, etc.
Some Other Essential Food Items
Other than fruits and vegetables, the patients should also consume whole grains like brown rice, brown bread, oats, barley, wheat brans, etc. which clear toxic wastes as well as maintain blood sugar level.
You should also consume lean proteins like soy products, legumes, walnuts, flax seeds, hemp, chicken, fresh water fishes, low-fat milk, yogurt, etc. Some other agreeable food items include eggs, lean meats, cottage cheese, poultry, clear diet sodas, low-fat desserts, etc. However, you should always consume them in moderate quantities.
Maintain Proper Fluid Consumption
People suffer from excess fluid retention in their body as their damaged kidneys fail to flush them out. Thus, they are not allowed to drink plenty of liquids. On the other hand, diabetes lead to the higher amount of urination.
Thus, they have to drink more fluids in order to avoid dehydration. Hence, fluid consumption should be maintained and monitored very carefully in order to check any further complication.
Limit Specific Food Groups
You should definitely limit certain food groups while preparing a diet for diabetics and renal patients. Simple or refined sugars and starches are very harmful for diabetic patients as they can increase the amount of your blood sugar level.
Thus, sugary products like candies, ice-creams, alcohol, sweetened beverages, etc. and starches like whole grain cereals, flour products, potato chips, salted crackers, high carbohydrate containing biscuits, fatty foods, etc. should be avoided.
You should restrict high proteins like almonds, cashew nuts, peanut butter, dried beans, cheese, red meat, cured sausages, etc. for the renal problems. You should also avoid high sodium foods like table salt, canned soups, pretzels, pickles, potato chips, soy sauce, etc.
You should even restrict phosphorus rich foods like buttermilk, sweetened yogurt, chocolates, frozen deserts and high potassium containing foods like bananas, nectarines, broccoli, sweet potatoes, spinach, winter squash, etc.