Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can occur at any age. However, the first symptoms of ulcerative colitis usually appear before 30.
Although the exact cause of the disease is unknown, health experts believe that abnormal immune reaction might be responsible for the disease. In ulcerative colitis, a portion of the colon or the entire colon swells. Along with inflammation, sores might develop in the large intestine.
Ulcerative colitis is an incurable disease. However, the symptoms of the disease such as abdominal pain, abdominal cramps and diarrhea could be prevented with the help of a properly designed diet plan.
Diet for ulcerative colitis
Foods to avoid
Certain food substances tend to trigger or worsen the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Foods that trigger the symptoms of ulcerative colitis usually vary from person to person. Doctors usually advise ulcerative colitis patients to maintain a food journal. By recording every food item in each meal, you can easily spot the annoying items in your diet.
Caffeine, seeds, popcorns and acidic foods are commonly associated with ulcerative colitis. Often large servings of chocolate or dairy might irritate the colon, whereas small portions of these food substances might not harm ulcerative colitis patients. Moreover, the method of preparation of certain food items might exacerbate the ulcerative colitis symptoms.
The diet of ulcerative colitis patients should comprise of easily digestible food substances. Ulcerative colitis patients have a higher risk of developing dehydration, weakness and anemia. A nutritious diet is needed to supply the body essential nutrients that can restore the electrolyte balance in the body and replenish essential nutrients lost from the body.
A diet comprising of complex carbohydrates or whole grain products, protein and healthy fats could reduce health complications in people with ulcerative colitis. Dairy could be consumed by ulcerative colitis patients without lactose intolerance. They should include enough fruits and vegetables in their diet.
Ulcerative colitis patients are often prescribed probiotics to heal the symptoms of the disease. The live bacteria present in probiotic foods and supplements could heal the colon naturally. Studies suggest that the friendly bacteria in probiotic food items could impair activities of chemicals that trigger inflammation in the colon.