Dry Eye Syndrome- Causes, Treatment And Prevention


Dry eye syndrome is a health condition that commonly afflicts the elder people the most. But younger people may also become its victim if they do not care for their eyes properly. Dry eye syndrome is also known as Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, Keratitis sicca or Xerophthalmia. Nearly 10% to 30% of the entire world population suffers from the dry eye syndrome.

Dry Eye Syndrome

A condition when the eyes are unable to produce adequate tears or even if they produce, the tears get evaporated immediately is referred to as the dry eye syndrome. As a result, the eyes become too dry and lead to irritation and infection.

Elder women usually suffer from dry eyes as a side effect of menopause. One of the common reasons for this syndrome can be hormonal changes. Long term use of the contact lens can also lead to dry eyes. But this is not a significant cause for dry eyes. Chemical or heat burns can also cause this condition.

contact lens

Dry eye syndrome can also afflict people who frequently consume medications such as antihistamines, appetite suppressants, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and decongestants. Sometimes, this condition is also linked to diseases like lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. But this is very rare.

Treatments of dry eye syndrome can include medicines such as topical corticosteroids, Restasis, Doxyccycline and oral tetracycline. The conventional treatment may include artificial tears and punctal occlusion.

Artificial tears are one of the most Over-The-Counter remedy sought out for getting relief from dry eye problem. But these artificial tears cannot give you permanent relief and its prolonged use can also produce some side effects. Long term relief can be achieved through punctal occlusion.

Artificial tears

Natural treatment for dry eyes includes consumption of tea and foods rich in Vitamin A. Vitamin A helps in easing the symptoms of dry eyes so the patients should consume foods like milk, carrots, tofu, lean meat, etc.

Tea has polyphenols, a powerful antioxidant that provides protection to the eyes against radiation. It also possesses carotene and Vitamin A can be synthesized from carotene in the body. In severe cases of dry eye syndrome, lubricating ointments can be used.

Complications associated with dry eye syndrome can be prevented and minimized but the syndrome itself may not be altogether prevented.