Most of the elderly people can suffer from bedsores.These are very painful and may lead to worse affects like tears, rots, etc. of the body. Bedsores are generally caused due to excess pressure, sweat and friction on the external skin surface.
These happen as the elderly person lacks proper immunity and has very weak skin. Therefore, you must try to prevent these sores if you reallcare for your near ones.You should also take care of them because they are unable to do this on their own.
You can also get professional guidance from doctors, nurses, etc. for better prevention.Suitable nutrition and proper care can help get rid of this problem.Some of the ideas are shared in this article:
Altering The Position
Bedsores usually occur when the skin in a particular region is exposed to excessive pressure for a long time. Therefore, you must alter the position of the person whether he or she is lying in a bed or sitting on an armchair, wheelchair, etc.
Elderly people are incapable of changing their position most of the time and so you should help them regularly. It is advised to move their body after every two hours.
You should also be very careful while handling this situation and keep in mind, not to rub their skin while shifting. Altering the position helps in better blood circulation and exposure to light and fresh air.
Maintaining Proper Hygiene
It is very essential to maintain a proper hygiene in order to protect the areas from microbial infestation. Therefore, you should keep their beds, clothes and other resting areas clean and disinfected.
You should even brush away dirt, food particles, biscuits crumbs, etc. at regular intervals. Sweat, urine and stool should be cleaned properly in order to keep the germs away. You should also keep the sensitive areas covered with light bandages or else they may get damaged.
Using Special Equipments
You should use special equipments and supporting systems for providing additional relaxation to the skin.Some specially designed wheelchairs and beds are available for this purpose.
You should also provide special cushions and mattresses filled with gel, water, air, etc. to reduce the amount of pressure.You must place the cushions under appropriate areas like hip, joints, knees, calves, back, neck, etc. to give proper support and to avoid friction.
Maintaining Proper Skin Care
It is very essential to maintain proper skin care of the elderly people to avoid any kind of bedsore. For this, you should keep the skin sterilized and dry most of the time.
You should pat the areas with plain water and mild liquid soap. You should avoid using synthetic or plastic material for the elderly people as they increase the amount of sweat formation.You should also dry the areas with gentle hands and apply powder on the skin.
Following Proper Nutrition
It is necessary to consult a doctor or a dietitian for making a chart of their daily nutrition. The diet may include higher ratios of calories, vitamins, proteins, minerals and enough quantity of fluids like juices, soups, etc. for proper nourishment. You should even feed them if required.