Swedish massage is a very soothing and revitalizing process that affects the nerves, muscles, glands and circulation thereby promoting fitness and well being in a person.
Swedish massage was brought into practice by a Swedish doctor Per Henrik Ling in 1812. However the name of Swedish massage to this very form of massage was credited to a Johan Georg Mezger. This form of massage is also known as ‘classic massage’.
Swedish massage is in fact the basis of a lot western massage including deep tissue massage and aromatherapy massage. Here in Swedish massage also the masseur will make use of massage oils to relieve the stress level of the mind and body and relax the muscles as well.
Swedish massage has been found to be effective in reduction of pain and stiffness in the joints in patients who are suffering from osteoarthritis. It stretches out the ligaments and tendons and help to keep them flexible and pliant. Many a times Swedish massage has been effective to perk up the circulation also and can also helpful in stimulation of the skin to give it a radiant look.
In this form of massage basically involves five styles of basic strokes for the purpose to raise the level of oxygen flow in the blood stream and liberate the toxins off the muscles. The toxins that are released from the muscles are lactic acid, uric acid and other metabolic waste. Lactic acid release from the muscles shortens up the recovery time and thereby prevents muscular strain.
The basic massage strokes that are involved in a Swedish massage are five in number and they are generally followed in a sequence of pattern. The first stroke is ‘effleurage’ which involves usage of sliding and gliding movements created by usage of palms, thumbs and fingertips.
The second stroke that is generally done after effleurage is ‘petrissage’ and this involves the kneading movements. The third stroke comprises of rhythmic tapping or percussion and is known as ‘tapotent’.
In the similar way the fourth stroke involving circular pressure with palms of hand on the cross fiber is termed as ‘friction’. The last massage stroke involves oscillatory movements and hence is called as ‘vibration’.