Tuberculosis, which is often termed as TB in abbreviated form, is a disease of the lungs caused due to mycobateria strains. Though, the disease commonly affects the lungs of an individual, however, it can also attack other body areas like bones, spine, kidney, and neck. Not only adults but children are also affected by tuberculosis.
The treatment of tuberculosis may differ in case of both adults and children. TB is a contagious disease, which spreads easily from one person to the other though air. The harmful particles get into the air, as the infected person coughs or sneezes, thus resulting in spread of the disease. It is advised to take proper and timely treatment of tuberculosis disease, so that spreading of the infection can be avoided. Further, if the infected person does not take the treatment on time, he or she may be at the risk of death. In this article, we shall discuss about several symptoms, causes, and treatments of tuberculosis disease.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
There are several symptoms of tuberculosis. Chest pain, fever, prolonged cough, night sweating, fatigue, weight loss, and appetite loss are the common symptoms associated with TB. It is recommended to go to the doctor immediately if such symptoms persist for more than three days. Chest X-Ray is often recommended to diagnose the problem. The doctor may also prescribe certain clinical tests to test for TB disease.
Causes of Tuberculosis
There are several causes of tuberculosis. The most common cause is inhaling polluted air particles released by the infected person, as he or she speaks, coughs, or sneezes.
Other risk factors associated with tuberculosis disease include alcoholism, poverty, low body weight, and crowded living conditions. Medical conditions like HIV, cancer of neck or head, kidney disease, and leukemia can also give rise to tuberculosis disease.
Treatment of Tuberculosis
Now-a-days there are several vaccines available to deal with TB disease. In case of children, the occurrence of the disease can be prevented with the help of injecting appropriate vaccines. However, for adults, such vaccines are not found to be mush effective. Therefore, it is advised to follow the advice given by the doctor to deal with the problem successfully. The doctor may prescribe certain medicines and antibiotics for treating tuberculosis.
The drugs prescribed by the doctor would help in killing the bacteria that caused TB, hence enabling a quick recovery. It is suggested to avoid going to school college, or office till the time doctor permits, so that the disease does not spread to other people. The healing process may take a few weeks or a few months, depending upon the severity of the condition.
The drugs prescribed for tuberculosis treatment are often accompanied by some minor side effects. However, if the side effects are serious, it is recommended to rush to the doctor immediately. A few examples of serious side effects include nausea, vomiting, skin rash, abdominal pain, dizziness, pain in joints, blurred vision, and hearing loss. These side effects should not be ignored and reported to the doctor immediately.