Cardiovascular disease is a severe health disorder related to circulatory system, which may prove to be life threatening at times. The disease mostly affects the heart, thus causing heart attack. Apart from affecting the heart, cardiovascular disease may also affect lungs, kidneys and brain.
The disease mainly occurs due to improper blood circulation in the body. In order to maintain adequate cardiac health, it is vital to make sure that there is proper flow of blood to all the body areas. In this article, we shall discuss about various types of cardiovascular diseases, followed by a discussion on few measures to prevent the disease.
Types Of Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are classified into six types, which have been discussed as under:
Stroke is a cardiovascular disease in which the brain cells stop functioning optimally. The disease is associated with restricted blood flow to the brain, thus damaging the brain cells. Restricted movement and slurred speech are the two common symptoms associated with stroke.
Ischemic Heart Disease
This disease is characterized with restricted blood flow to the muscles of heart. Breath shortness and chest pain are the two common symptoms associated with this type of cardiovascular disease. The tissues may get damaged in case there is complete blockage of coronary arteries.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
In case of peripheral vascular disease, there is lack of blood circulation in legs. People suffering from this disease often have pain in calves while walking.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease affects the heart valves and joints. The disease is related to bacterial infection, which might have occurred any time during the childhood. In most of the cases, the valves are replaced through an operation.
Heart failure occurs when the heart does not get required amount of blood for working in an optimum manner. The problem basically arises due to damage of heart muscles.
Swelling in legs and breath shortness are the two symptoms associated with heart attack. The problem basically arises due to alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and unhealthy diet.
Congenital Heart Disease
In this type of cardiovascular disease, the heart’s structure is not in a good condition. This disease occurs as a result of birth defect. There is restricted flow of blood to the lungs and heart in case of congenital heart disease, which might prove to be fatal in a few cases. At times, a surgery may be required to treat the disease.
Ways to Prevent Cardiovascular Diseases
The best way to deal with cardiac problems is to follow certain measuress which would help in preventing the problem. With the help of following healthy lifestyle practices, consisting of regular exercise, healthy diet, meditation and yoga the risk of being affected by cardiovascular diseases would be prevented to a great extent.
Also it is vital to quit tobacco smoking and reduce the intake of alcohol, so as to prevent cardiac problems. All these preventive measures would definitely be of immense help in preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, thus enabling you to live a healthy and long life.